DNA from lake sediments reveals the long-term dynamics and diversity of Synechococcus assemblages

Abstract : While picocyanobacteria (PC) are important actors in carbon and nutrient cycles in aquatic systems, factors controlling their interannual dynamics and diversity are poorly known due to the general lack of long-term monitoring surveys. This study intended to fill this gap by applying a DNA-based paleolimnological approach to sediment records from a deep subalpine lake that has experienced dramatic changes in environmental conditions during the last century (eutrophication, re-oligotrophication and large-scale climate changes). In particular, we investigated the long-term (100 yr) diversity and dynamics of Synechococcus , PC that have presumably been affected by both the lake trophic status changes and global warming. The lake's morphological and environmental conditions provided the ideal conditions for DNA preservation in the sediment archives. Generalised additive models applied to quantitative PCR (qPCR; quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction) results highlighted that an increase in summer temperature could have a significant positive impact on the relative abundance of Synechococcus (fraction of Synechococcus in total cyanobacteria). The diversity of Synechococcus in Lake Bourget was stud- ied by phylogenetic analyses of the 16S rRNA gene and the following internally transcribed spacer (ITS). Up to 23 dif- ferent OTUs (based on 16S rRNA), which fell into various cosmopolitan or endemic clusters, were identified in samples from the past 100 yr. Moreover, the study of ITS revealed a higher diversity within the major 16S rRNA-defined OTUs. Changes in PC diversity were related to the lake's trophic status. Overall, qPCR and sequencing results showed that environmental changes (in temperature and phosphorus concentration) affected Synechococcus community dynamics and structure, translating into changes in genotype composition. These results also helped to re-evaluate the geographical distribution of some Synechococcus clusters. Providing such novel insights into the long-term history of an important group of primary producers, this study il- lustrates the promising approach that consists in coupling molecular tools and paleolimnology to reconstruct a lake's biodiversity history
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Submitted on : Friday, September 27, 2013 - 10:44:10 AM
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Isabelle Domaizon, Olga Savichtcheva, Didier Debroas, Fabien Arnaud, Clement Villar, et al.. DNA from lake sediments reveals the long-term dynamics and diversity of Synechococcus assemblages. Biogeosciences, European Geosciences Union, 2013, p. 3817-3838. ⟨10.5194/bg-10-3817-2013⟩. ⟨halsde-00866805⟩

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