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Invasive Knotweeds are Highly Tolerant to Salt Stress

Abstract : Japanese knotweed s.l. are some of the most invasive plants in the world. Some genotypes are known to be tolerant to the saline concentrations found in salt mar- shes. Here we focus on tolerance to higher concentrations in order to assess whether the species are able to colonize and establish in highly stressful environments, or whether salt is an efficient management tool. In a first experiment, adult plants of Fallopia japonica, Fallopia 9 bohemica and Fallopia sachalinensis were grown under salt stress conditions by watering with saline concentrations of 6, 30, 120, or 300 g L-1 for three weeks to assess the response of the plants to a spill of salt. At the two highest concentra- tions, their leaves withered and fell. There were no effects on the aboveground parts at the lowest concentrations. Belowground dry weight and number of buds were reduced from 30 and 120 g L-1 of salt, respectively. In a second experiment, a single spraying of 120 g L-1 of salt was applied to individuals of F. 9 bohemica and their stems were clipped to assess the response to a potential control method. 60 % of the plants regenerated. Regeneration was delayed by the salt treatment and shoot growth slowed down. This study establishes the tolerance of three Fallopia taxa to strong salt stress, with no obvious differences between taxa. Their salt tolerance could be an advantage in their ability to colonize polluted environments and to sur- vive to spills of salt.
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 20, 2012 - 2:46:57 PM
Last modification on : Friday, December 17, 2021 - 10:12:05 AM

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Soraya Rouifed, Byczek Coline, Daniel Laffray, Florence Piola. Invasive Knotweeds are Highly Tolerant to Salt Stress. Environmental Management, Springer Verlag (Germany), 2012, 50 (6), pp.1027-1034. ⟨10.1007/s00267-012-9934-2⟩. ⟨halsde-00767802⟩

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