Response of soil microbial communities to the herbicide mesotrione: A dose-effect microcosm approach

Abstract : Mesotrione is a new selective herbicide used for maize crops. The responses of microbial communities of a chernozem soil (Limagne basin, France) to pure or formulated (Callisto) mesotrione, applied at three different doses [one fold field rate (1 FR), 10 FR and 100 FR], were studied using a laboratory microcosm approach. The effects were assessed on the prokaryotic cell abundance, the overall microbial activities (substrate-induced respiration (SIR) and dehydrogenase activity (DHA)) and the genetic structure of the bacterial and fungal communities (temporal temperature/denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (TT/DGGE)). Mesotrione dissipation was similar whatever the formulation applied and the amounts dissipated were positively correlated to application rates. Several biodegradation products including the metabolites 4-methylsulfonyl-2-nitrobenzoic acid (MNBA) and 2-amino-4-methylsulfonylbenzoic acid (AMBA)were detected fromday 42 post-treatment, in 10FR and 100 FR treated soils. No response of the soil microbial communities was detected in soil spread with both the 1 FR applications. Overall soil microbial activity was stimulated from day 6 by 10 FR of Callisto and more strongly by 100 FR of pure mesotrione and Callisto, whereas prokaryote abundance did not increase before day 95 in both the 100 FR treatments. Genetic structural shifts recorded from day 42 in the bacterial and fungal communities were small and mainly attributable to variations in band intensity. Maximum dissimilarity of the bacterial and fungal genetic structures between control and 100 FR treated soils did not exceed 12% and 28%, respectively. The general patternwas that more consistent effects occurred with increasing exposure times, especially in both the 100 FR treated soils. These microbial responses could be due to the stimulation of (i) adapted mesotrione-degrading microorganisms and (ii) the activity of resistant heterotrophic microbial groups promoted by dead biomass fromsensitive organisms. In addition, at 100FR doses, pure mesotrione seemed to induce stronger microbial responses than Callisto, formulation which contains adjuvants with potential side-effects on some microbial populations. This experimental approach indicated that pure mesotrione and Callisto affected soil microbial communities, but the effects were only detected at doses far exceeding the recommended field rates.
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Soil Biology and Biochemistry, Elsevier, 2010, pp.193-202. 〈10.1016/j.soilbio.2009.10.016〉
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Soumis le : lundi 11 octobre 2010 - 11:56:49
Dernière modification le : jeudi 13 décembre 2018 - 13:56:02

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Olivier Crouzet, Isabelle Batisson, Pascale Besse-Hoggan, Frédérique Bonnemoy, Corinne Bardot, et al.. Response of soil microbial communities to the herbicide mesotrione: A dose-effect microcosm approach. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, Elsevier, 2010, pp.193-202. 〈10.1016/j.soilbio.2009.10.016〉. 〈halsde-00525145〉

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