Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Evaluation of consensus methods in predictive species distribution modelling

Abstract : Spatial modelling techniques are increasingly used in species distribution modelling. However, the implemented techniques differ in their modelling performance, and some consensus methods are needed to reduce the uncertainty of predictions. In this study, we tested the predictive accuracies of five consensus methods, namely Weighted Average (WA), Mean(All), Median(All), Median(PCA), and Best, for 28 threatened plant species. North-eastern Finland, Europe. The spatial distributions of the plant species were forecasted using eight state-of-the-art single-modelling techniques providing an ensemble of predictions. The probability values of occurrence were then combined using five consensus algorithms. The predictive accuracies of the single-model and consensus methods were assessed by computing the area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver-operating characteristic plot. The mean AUC values varied between 0.697 (classification tree analysis) and 0.813 (random forest) for the single-models, and from 0.757 to 0.850 for the consensus methods. WA and Mean(All) consensus methods provided significantly more robust predictions than all the single-models and the other consensus methods. Consensus methods based on average function algorithms may increase significantly the accuracy of species distribution forecasts, and thus they show considerable promise for different conservation biological and biogeographical applications.
Complete list of metadatas
Contributor : Kim Pla <>
Submitted on : Thursday, April 23, 2009 - 1:58:13 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 23, 2020 - 3:24:02 PM

Links full text




M. Marmion, M. Parviainen, M. Luoto, R. K. Heikkinen, W. Thuiller. Evaluation of consensus methods in predictive species distribution modelling. Diversity and Distributions, Wiley, 2009, 15 (1), pp.59-69. ⟨10.1111/j.1472-4642.2008.00491.x⟩. ⟨halsde-00377981⟩