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BPS Dendroscopy on Local $\mathbb{P}^2$

Abstract : The spectrum of BPS states in type IIA string theory compactified on a Calabi-Yau threefold famously jumps across codimension-one walls in complexified Kähler moduli space, leading to an intricate chamber structure. The Split Attractor Flow Conjecture posits that the BPS index $\Omega_z(\gamma)$ for given charge $\gamma$ and moduli $z$ can be reconstructed from the attractor indices $\Omega_*(\gamma_i)$ counting BPS states of charge $\gamma_i$ in their respective attractor chamber, by summing over a finite set of decorated rooted flow trees known as attractor flow trees. If correct, this provides a classification (or dendroscopy) of the BPS spectrum into different topologies of nested BPS bound states, each having a simple chamber structure. Here we investigate this conjecture for the simplest, albeit non-compact, Calabi-Yau threefold, namely the canonical bundle over $P^2$. Since the Kähler moduli space has complex dimension one and the attractor flow preserves the argument of the central charge, attractor flow trees coincide with scattering sequences of rays in a two-dimensional slice of the scattering diagram in the space of stability conditions on the derived category of compactly supported coherent sheaves on $K_{P^2}$. We combine previous results on the scattering diagram of $K_{P^2}$ in the large volume slice with new results near the orbifold point $\mathbb{C}^3/\mathbb{Z}_3$, and argue that the Split Attractor Flow Conjecture holds true on the physical slice of $\Pi$-stability conditions. In particular, while there is an infinite set of initial rays related by the group $\Gamma_1(3)$ of auto-equivalences, only a finite number of possible decompositions $\gamma=\sum_i\gamma_i$ contribute to the index $\Omega_z(\gamma)$ for any $\gamma$ and $z$, with constituents $\gamma_i$ related by spectral flow to the fractional branes at the orbifold point.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03839768
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Submitted on : Friday, November 4, 2022 - 3:19:15 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 15, 2022 - 10:10:58 AM

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Pierrick Bousseau, Pierre Descombes, Bruno Le Floch, Boris Pioline. BPS Dendroscopy on Local $\mathbb{P}^2$. 2022. ⟨hal-03839768⟩

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