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Using an ontology to derive a sharable and interoperable relational data model for heterogeneous healthcare data and various applications

Abstract : Background. A large volume of heavily fragmented data is generated daily in different healthcare contexts and is stored using various structures with different semantics. This fragmentation and heterogeneity make secondary use of data a challenge. Data integration approaches that derive a common data model from sources or requirements have some advantages. However, these approaches are often built for a specific application where the research questions are known. Thus, the semantic and structural reconciliation is often not reusable nor reproducible. A recent integration approach using knowledge models has been developed with ontologies that provide a strong semantic foundation. Nonetheless, deriving a data model that captures the richness of the ontology to store data with its full semantic remains a challenging task. Objectives. This paper addresses the question: How to design a sharable and interoperable data model for storing heterogeneous healthcare data and its semantic to support various applications? Method. This paper describes a method using an ontological knowledge model to automatically generate a data model for a domain of interest. The model can then be implemented in a relational database which efficiently enables the collection, storage, and retrieval of data while keeping semantic ontological annotations so that the same data can be extracted for various applications for further processing. Results. This paper (1) presents a comparison of existing methods for generating a relational data model from an ontology using 23 criteria, (2) describes standard conversion rules, and (3) presents , a prototype developed to demonstrate the conversion rules. Conclusion. This work is a first step towards automating and refining the generation of sharable and interoperable relational data models using ontologies with a freely available tool. The remaining challenges to cover all the ontology richness in the relational model are pointed out.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03759575
Contributor : Adrien Barton Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, August 24, 2022 - 11:27:34 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, August 30, 2022 - 2:05:30 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, November 25, 2022 - 7:42:12 PM

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Christina Khnaisser, Luc Lavoie, Benoit Fraikin, Adrien Barton, Samuel Dussault, et al.. Using an ontology to derive a sharable and interoperable relational data model for heterogeneous healthcare data and various applications. Methods of Information in Medicine, 2022, ⟨10.1055/a-1877-9498⟩. ⟨hal-03759575⟩

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