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Social classes and political Islam: a comparative ecological approach of post-Arab Spring elections in Northern Africa (2011- 2014)

Abstract : "Starting from the debate on the sociology of political Islam, opposing interpretations centred on identity and on specific class alliances, the paper proposes a comparative analysis of the socio-geographies of mainstream Islamist parties in the post-Arab spring period in Morocco, Tunisia, and Egypt. The paper shows that socio-geographies of political Islam are very pronounced, making unlikely an interpretation of Islamist parties as having a purely non class-based identity. These results challenge the conception of political Islam as a hegemonic ideology among Arab populations, as such an ideology would be built on their cultural heritage, repressed both by colonialism and by post-colonial elites. This conception denies the complexity of modern Arab societies, the importance of minorities, the diversity of social trajectories and the capacity of other movements to penetrate into some deprived rural or urban areas. This analysis neither validates conclusions that political Islam is an alliance between the deprived urban classes and the traditional bourgeoisie politically excluded from the ruling post-colonial classes. Rather, one finding is that the social grounds of Islamists are very dependent on the national contexts." (source éditeur)
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Submitted on : Monday, July 11, 2022 - 11:12:35 AM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 11:58:09 AM

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Gilles van Hamme, Alia Gana. Social classes and political Islam: a comparative ecological approach of post-Arab Spring elections in Northern Africa (2011- 2014). British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, Taylor & Francis (Routledge), 2022, pp.1-21. ⟨10.1080/13530194.2022.2079116⟩. ⟨hal-03719427⟩

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