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A new Kalman filter approach for structural parameter tracking: application to the monitoring of damaging structures tested on shaking-tables

Abstract : In this paper, a new data assimilation framework for correcting finite element models from datasets acquired on-the-fly in low-frequency dynamics is presented. An Unscented Kalman filter algorithm is coupled with a modified Constitutive Relation Error (mCRE) observer, leading to a Modified Dual Kalman Filter algorithm (MDKF). Built as a Hermitian data-to-model distance written in the frequency domain enriched with a CRE residual accounting for model bias, the mCRE functional has shown interesting assets for model updating purposes, in particular enhanced convexity and robustness to measurement noise. The proposed data assimilation strategy integrates the latter through a metric change in the measurement update equation. It thus differs from classical nonlinear Kalman filtering for parameter estimation as the comparison between measurements and model predictions is achieved through the mCRE functional itself. Besides, the calibration of MDKF internal parameters is facilitated by a set of general guidelines that ensure the performance of the algorithm. The methodology is applied to two earthquake engineering examples. The performances of MDKF are first assessed using synthetic measurements from a plane frame subjected to random ground acceleration. Actual measurements from the SMART2013 benchmark are then assimilated in a real-time context to monitor the eigenfrequency drop of a reinforced-concrete structure submitted to a sequence of gradually damaging shaking-table tests. The nice correlation with (i) data-driven identification results, and (ii) sequential mCRE-based model updating results, illustrates the relevance of this new approach and suggests promising use of MDKF for on-the-fly adaptive control prospects and applications involving data-to-model interaction.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03714262
Contributor : Matthieu Diaz Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, July 5, 2022 - 1:59:37 PM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 2:58:08 PM

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Matthieu Diaz, Pierre-Étienne Charbonnel, Ludovic Chamoin. A new Kalman filter approach for structural parameter tracking: application to the monitoring of damaging structures tested on shaking-tables. Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing, Elsevier, 2023, 182, pp.109529. ⟨10.1016/j.ymssp.2022.109529⟩. ⟨hal-03714262⟩

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