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DETECTION OF THE SUBSIDENCE AFFECTING A SHOPPING CENTER IN MARSEILLES (France) USING SAR INTERFEROMETRY

Abstract : Help of satellite radar interferometry for urban subsidence observation has been demonstrated for several years now. This monitoring tool is able to provide an assessment of the ground motion with a millimetric accuracy and a large spatial coverage. We present here a result of this technique applied to the monitoring of a small area : the «Grand Littoral» shopping centre complex and cinema multiplex in Marseilles, France. This construction work was one of the most important construction site of this last few years in France. Inaugurated in October, 1997, the multiplex had to close 6 of its 15 cinemas five months later because of collapsing risks due to important ground movements. It has been totally closed in July, 1999. The multiplex building demolition is currently under way. Finally, this "flop" represents a cost of 30 millions euros. 14 ERS images acquired between 1992 and 2000 had been processed in order to produce a set of 105 differential interferograms. We performed a recursive correction of orbital and topographic fringes using a FFT computation and a Digital Elevation Model provided by the French National Institute (IGN). The analysis of the interferograms series has allowed to detect unambiguously a signature of few pixels corresponding to the ground movement. From this study, we observed a ground deformation during 1997 to 1998, an overall stability during late 1998 to 1999 and again a deformation during late 1999 to 2000. This study shows that, in specific cases, traditional InSAR is able to provide valuable information on very localised ground deformation. It also shows the interest of a comprehensive study of the full ERS archive of this site in order to assess the stability of the ground before, when no ground-based measurements were available, during, and after the construction works.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03709769
Contributor : Denis Feurer Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, June 30, 2022 - 10:39:15 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 10, 2022 - 5:10:12 PM

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Denis Feurer, Stéphane Le Mouélic, Daniel Raucoules, Claudie Carnec, Jean-Louis Nédellec. DETECTION OF THE SUBSIDENCE AFFECTING A SHOPPING CENTER IN MARSEILLES (France) USING SAR INTERFEROMETRY. FRINGE Workshop, Dec 2003, Frascati, Italy. ⟨hal-03709769⟩

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