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Façade maritime centrale du Maghreb et transport maritime : des stratégies diversifiées.

Michel Desse 1 Simon Charrier 2 
1 LETG - Nantes - Littoral, Environnement, Télédétection, Géomatique
UBO - Université de Brest, UR2 - Université de Rennes 2, CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Nantes Univ - Nantes Université, LETG - Littoral, Environnement, Télédétection, Géomatique UMR 6554
Abstract : This paper uses a deductive approach to focus on the Mediterranean shores of North Africa, and essentially on the central facade of the Arab Maghreb (Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco), which extends over nearly 3,000 km along the Mediterranean and the Atlantic Ocean. The aforementioned is a port facade which is distinguished by its strategic position that favors a direct opening onto the main East-West sea road, stretching from North America to East Asia via the Mediterranean crossroads. Today, this geographical privilege that the Maghreb countries enjoy is put into question, with the new strategy in China, the first exporter in the world, which built a road consisting of a recreation of the continental silk route. Therefore, the Maghreb countries find themselves facing a major challenge before this dragon, which is defending their in-terests with their main trading partner: The European Union. This large European market has, today, become the adjustment variable for the trade war between coun-tries seeking a better position to keep their advantages with this single market (the United States, China and neighboring countries). This work aims deciphering the spatial organization of this facade, and presenting the role of port infrastructure in the regional, or even global, integration of this portion of African maritime facades. An-other interesting concern, raised by this paper, will be devoted to the position of the Maghreb countries not only in the face of new international challenges, but also in the face of the trade war which will generate a deep restructuring in international trade relations, marked by new ambitions. Global governance will upset the traditional ori-entation of the flow of goods with a new map that is made in China. This will relegate the position of the Maghreb to the outskirts, after having been at the heart of the main trade route.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03708884
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 29, 2022 - 3:10:59 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, August 2, 2022 - 4:35:56 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-03708884, version 1

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Michel Desse, Simon Charrier. Façade maritime centrale du Maghreb et transport maritime : des stratégies diversifiées.. Territoires d'Afrique, Université Cheick Anta Diop, Département de géographie, 2022, Dynamismes des façades et planifications terrestre et maritime en Afrique. ⟨hal-03708884⟩

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