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Quelle synonymie pour lat. eunuchus et lat. spado?

Abstract : Lat. eunuchus and lat. spado usually denote a « castrated man ». Both are Greek loanwords which are commonly considered synonymous. But what kind of synonymous are they? First, in terms of etymology, they are not « full » (terminology of J. Lyons) synonyms because εὐν-οῦχος means « attendant of the bedchamber », whereas σπάδων refers strictly to a castrated man. However, considering their derivatives and metaphorical uses, they are defined by the same « inherent semes » (terminology of F. Rastier) : /sterile/ and /castrated/. Second, we study their varied uses in different contexts : both words can denote men who preside over murders in the kingdom, are sexual slaves of their master, childminders or signs of luxuria. Similarly, they both refer to a category of unmanly persons. They are therefore very close to being « total » synonyms, even if Martial and Juvenal seem to make a difference between them. Finally, are they « complete » synonyms? While both of these words are pejorative, spado appears to be more pejorative than eunuchus.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03669341
Contributor : Peggy Lecaudé Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, July 21, 2022 - 4:38:00 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 4, 2022 - 2:54:07 PM

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Peggy Lecaudé. Quelle synonymie pour lat. eunuchus et lat. spado?. 20th International Colloquium on Latin Linguistics, Jun 2019, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Espagne. pp.181-198. ⟨hal-03669341⟩

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