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From the synthesis of hBN crystals to their use as nanosheets in van der Waals heterostructures

Abstract : Abstract In the wide world of 2D materials, hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) holds a special place due to its excellent characteristics. In addition to its thermal, chemical and mechanical stability, hBN demonstrates high thermal conductivity, low compressibility, and wide band gap around 6 eV, making it a promising candidate for many groundbreaking applications and more specifically in van der Waals heterostructures. Millimeters scale hexagonal boron nitride crystals are obtained through a disruptive dual method (PDC/PCS) consisting in a complementary coupling of the Polymer Derived Ceramics route and a Pressure-Controlled Sintering process. In addition to their excellent chemical and crystalline quality, these crystals exhibit a free exciton lifetime of 0.43 ns, as determined by time-resolved cathodoluminescence measurements, confirming their interesting optical properties. To go further in applicative fields, hBN crystals are then exfoliated, and resulting Boron Nitride NanoSheets (BNNSs) are used to encapsulate transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs). Such van der Waals heterostructures are tested by optical spectroscopy. BNNSs do not luminesce in the emission spectral range of TMDs and the photoluminescence width of the exciton at 4K is in the range 2-3 meV. All these results demonstrate that these BNNSs are of high quality and relevant for future opto-electronic applications.
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 2, 2022 - 12:31:49 PM
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Camille Maestre, Yangdi Li, Vincent Garnier, Philippe Steyer, Sébastien Roux, et al.. From the synthesis of hBN crystals to their use as nanosheets in van der Waals heterostructures. 2D Materials, IOP Publishing, 2022, 9 (3), pp.035008. ⟨10.1088/2053-1583/ac6c31⟩. ⟨hal-03669076⟩



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