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The /s/ ~ /z/ voice contrast in L1 French, L1 Spanish and L1 Italian learners of L2 English

Abstract : Abstract In this study, we present a comparative corpus-based analysis of the English /s/ ~ /z/ voice contrast for learners of three L1s. Acoustic analysis of periodicity and duration for target segments confirms expectations based on L1 transfer and on the Markedness Differential Hypothesis. We found that, due to the absence of phonemic /z/ in Spanish, L1 Spanish learners exhibit great difficulty in producing voiced realisations for /z/, and more so in the (more marked) word-final position than in the (less marked) word-medial position. In contrast, L1 French and L1 Italian learners did not exhibit difficulties in reproducing the voicing patterns of English /s/ ~ /z/ neither word-medially nor word-finally, due to the existence of these sounds in their L1 (and despite differences in relative markedness for these two positions, especially considering that word-final /z/ does not exist in Italian). Finally, we observed the impact of orthography on the production of L1 French and L1 Italian learners, affecting the periodicity of /s/ and /z/ depending on spelling transparency.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03660136
Contributor : Leonardo Contreras Roa Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, May 5, 2022 - 3:41:46 PM
Last modification on : Friday, May 6, 2022 - 3:38:43 AM

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Paolo Mairano, Leonardo Contreras Roa, Marc Capliez, Caroline Bouzon. The /s/ ~ /z/ voice contrast in L1 French, L1 Spanish and L1 Italian learners of L2 English. Langage, Interaction et Acquisition / Language, Interaction and Acquisition , John Benjamins Publishing Company 2021, 12 (2), pp.210-250. ⟨10.1075/lia.20024.mai⟩. ⟨hal-03660136⟩

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