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The genera Roloboceras Casey, 1954, and Megatyloceras Humphrey, 1949 (Ammonoidea, Ancyloceratina, Douvilleiceratidae), from the Lower Aptian of Ardèche (SE France) - Taxonomic and biostratigraphic implications.

Abstract : The Lower Aptian marine deposits from southern Ardèche (South-East of France) yield a rich ammonite fauna of the sub-family Roloboceratinae Casey, 1961, which dates the upper Deshayesites forbesi Zone (Roloboceras hambrovi Subzone pro parte ?). The systematic study of this Roloboceratinae fauna has improved our knowledge of Megatyloceras coronatum Rouchadzé, 1933, type species of Megatyloceras Humphrey, 1949, as well as a better understanding of the genus thanks to the examination of the species from the Anglo-Paris Basin. A new species, M. leteilensis sp. nov. is introduced, and a description of M. transiens Casey, 1961, provided, with clarifications on its possible stratigraphic position. This study also establishes that the "species" Megatyloceras ricordeanum (Orbigny, 1850) represents only a growth stage shared by several species of Megatyloceras which is doubtfully a true taxon and must, therefore, be considered as a nomen dubium. The hypothesis of sexual dimorphism in Roloboceras Casey, 1954, and Megatyloceras is advanced. The study of this Roloboceratinae fauna highlights their heterogeneous distribution throughout Lower Aptian deposits of Ardèche, showing a direct correlation with bathymetric range. The biostratigraphical distribution of both genera on the Languedoc platform shows that Roloboceras is present from the uppermost C2 segment to the C4 segment of the stable carbon-isotope record, while Megatyloceras is limited to the middle C4 segment up to the lowermost C6 segment. Both genera coexist during the C4 segment.
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Submitted on : Friday, April 15, 2022 - 3:05:44 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, April 16, 2022 - 3:39:08 AM

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Gérard Delanoy, Cyril Baudouin, Antoine Pictet, Josep Moreno-Bedmar, Camille Frau, et al.. The genera Roloboceras Casey, 1954, and Megatyloceras Humphrey, 1949 (Ammonoidea, Ancyloceratina, Douvilleiceratidae), from the Lower Aptian of Ardèche (SE France) - Taxonomic and biostratigraphic implications.. Carnets de Geologie, Carnets de Geologie, 2022, 22 (2), pp.7-109. ⟨10.2110/carnets.2022.2202⟩. ⟨hal-03643183⟩

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