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Bureaucratisation et transformation des métiers de police au Somaliland. Une approche ethnographique.

Abstract : In 1991, after years of civil war, the leaders of the Somali National Movement unilaterally declared independence of Somaliland from Somalia. A reconciliation conference was organised and made demobilisation and disarmament a priority for the new government. Former fighters were asked to hand over their weapons to the governmental police force, or to join it. Since 1993, the Somaliland Police Force has undergone many changes. In particular, the creation of several services organised the division of police work and fostered the increase of skills within the administration. This specialisation is part of a broader bureaucratisation process, which has deeply transformed police work. Among these changes, the growing importance of written procedures occupies a prominent place. Based on an ethnographic survey conducted in a police station of the capital city Hargeisa, this article shows that the changes affecting the police institution have a concrete influence on the daily practice of police work. An analysis of biographical trajectories of police officers reveals the ways in which the bureaucratisation process contributes to the diversification of their sociological profiles, in connection with the evolution of recruitment criteria. While the police force was originally grounded on the military skills of its first recruits, new skills are nowadays more highly valued, especially the educational level. This article aims to analyse how bureaucratic procedures are growingly influencing daily police practices. It addresses the bureaucratisation of the police - and the state - through assessing the transformation of recruits selection procedures as well as police officers professional advancement.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03639884
Contributor : Axelle Djama Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, April 13, 2022 - 10:46:07 AM
Last modification on : Friday, May 6, 2022 - 3:46:16 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-03639884, version 1

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Axelle Djama. Bureaucratisation et transformation des métiers de police au Somaliland. Une approche ethnographique.. Histoire sociale de l'Afrique, Institut des mondes africains (IMAF), Mar 2022, Marseille, France. ⟨hal-03639884⟩

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