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Journal articles

Psychometric properties of a French version of the Implicit Theories of Emotion Scale

Abstract : Introduction. – Inspired by Carol Dweck’s work on naive theories of intelligence, the implicit theory ofemotions refers to beliefs regarding the general functioning of emotions, specifically, their controllability.Some individuals view emotions as uncontrollable (entity theory), while others think that emotions can bemodulated (incremental theory). These beliefs guide the emotional regulation strategies that individualsuse and influence subjective well-being.Objective. – The present study explores the psychometric properties of the French version of the ImplicitTheories of Emotion Scale developed by Tamir et al. (2007).Method. – One hundred seventy-seven participants aged 18 to 72 years old (M = 34 years old) completedthe Implicit Theories of Emotion Scale in conjunction with two other questionnaires: subjective well-being and emotional regulation strategies.Results. – Factor analyses identified a one-dimensional structure; the internal reliability (alpha = .81) andtest-retest reliability indices (r = .69) were satisfactory. The study replicated the main results of contempo-rary international studies concerning the mediating role of cognitive reappraisal and further documentsthe pivotal role of positive reappraisal in the association between implicit theories and well-being.Conclusion. – The discussion highlights clinical and theoretical interests and the usefulness of the ImplicitTheories of Emotion Scale.
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Contributor : Sarah Le Vigouroux Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, April 1, 2022 - 4:49:17 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 17, 2022 - 1:45:46 PM



Anne Congard, Sarah Le Vigouroux, P Antoine, Eva Andreotti, Patrick Perret. Psychometric properties of a French version of the Implicit Theories of Emotion Scale. European Review of Applied Psychology / Revue Européenne de Psychologie Appliquée, Elsevier, 2022, 72, pp.100728. ⟨10.1016/j.erap.2021.100728⟩. ⟨hal-03628020⟩



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