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Temperature Affects the Biological Control of Dinoflagellates by the Generalist Parasitoid Parvilucifera rostrata

Abstract : The increase in emerging harmful algal blooms in the last decades has led to an extensive concern in understanding the mechanisms behind these events. In this paper, we assessed the growth of two blooming dinoflagellates (Alexandrium minutum and Heterocapsa triquetra) and their susceptibility to infection by the generalist parasitoid Parvilucifera rostrata under a temperature gradient. The growth of the two dinoflagellates differed across a range of temperatures representative of the Penzé Estuary (13 to 22 °C) in early summer. A. minutum growth increased across this range and was the highest at 19 and 22 °C, whereas H. triquetra growth was maximal at intermediate temperatures (15–18 °C). Interestingly, the effect of temperature on the parasitoid infectivity changed depending on which host dinoflagellate was infected with the dinoflagellate responses to temperature following a positive trend in A. minutum (higher infections at 20–22 °C) and a unimodal trend in H. triquetra (higher infections at 18 °C). Low temperatures negatively affected parasitoid infections in both hosts (i.e., “thermal refuge”). These results demonstrate how temperature shifts may not only affect bloom development in microalgal species but also their control by parasitoids.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03603190
Contributor : Estelle BIGEARD Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, March 9, 2022 - 4:46:48 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, September 24, 2022 - 3:06:22 AM

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Matthew Schmitt, Aaron Telusma, Estelle Bigeard, Laure Guillou, Catharina Alves-De-Souza. Temperature Affects the Biological Control of Dinoflagellates by the Generalist Parasitoid Parvilucifera rostrata. Microorganisms, 2022, 10 (2), pp.385. ⟨10.3390/microorganisms10020385⟩. ⟨hal-03603190⟩

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