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Evolution of spatial access to hospital surgery in France between 2000 and 2018: analysis of socio-spatial inequalities

Abstract : In France, the implementation of various hospital reforms and technological transformations since the 2000s has had significant spatial consequences on hospital geography. Between 2000 and 2018, the disappearance of approximately 39,000 surgical beds in metropolitan France was observed. The objective of this presentation is to measure the consequences of these disappearances on geographic access. Our main hypothesis is that the closure of surgical beds has led to an increase in inequalities between town sizes (small vs. large) between territories (rural vs. urban) and also between populations (executive vs. worker). The method for calculating geographic access times to hospitals equipped with surgical beds in 2000 and 2018 at the level of continental France is based on the mobilisation of a main database: the public database of the SAE (Statistique Annuelle des Etablissements) which provides the locations of surgical structures at these two dates. Access times are calculated from the free OSMR (Open Source Routing Machine) platform, from each municipality to the two closest hospitals. The results show spatial and social differences. The increase in access times is more pronounced for people living in small towns and cities on the periphery of departments and regions. Regarding the populations, the increase in access times was much more important for working class populations than for executives, regardless of the type of residence area. As an example, 90% of the population of the urban areas had access to surgery in less than 15 mn, but only 37% of suburban population.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03596623
Contributor : Benoit Conti Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, March 3, 2022 - 5:27:06 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 15, 2022 - 2:31:47 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-03596623, version 1

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Benoit Conti, Sophie Baudet-Michel, Ronan Ysebaert, Timothée Giraud, Hugues Pecout. Evolution of spatial access to hospital surgery in France between 2000 and 2018: analysis of socio-spatial inequalities. American Association of Geographers, Feb 2022, New-York, United States. ⟨hal-03596623⟩

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