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Toward a Better Classification System for NK-LGL Disorders

Abstract : Large granular lymphocytic leukemia is a rare lymphoproliferative disorder characterized by a clonal expansion of T-lineage lymphocyte or natural killer (NK) cells in 85 and 15% of cases respectively. T and NK large granular leukemia share common pathophysiology, clinical and biological presentation. The disease is characterized by cytopenia and a frequent association with autoimmune manifestations. Despite an indolent course allowing a watch and wait attitude in the majority of patients at diagnosis, two third of the patient will eventually need a treatment during the course of the disease. Unlike T lymphocyte, NK cells do not express T cell receptor making the proof of clonality difficult. Indeed, the distinction between clonal and reactive NK-cell expansion observed in several situations such as autoimmune diseases and viral infections is challenging. Advances in our understanding of the pathogenesis with the recent identification of recurrent mutations provide new tools to prove the clonality. In this review, we will discuss the pathophysiology of NK large granular leukemia, the recent advances in the diagnosis and therapeutic strategies.
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Submitted on : Friday, May 6, 2022 - 1:00:41 PM
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Gaëlle Drillet, Cédric Pastoret, Aline Moignet, Thierry Lamy, Tony Marchand. Toward a Better Classification System for NK-LGL Disorders. Frontiers in Oncology, Frontiers, 2022, 12, pp.821382. ⟨10.3389/fonc.2022.821382⟩. ⟨hal-03594062⟩



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