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National identity predicts public health support during a global pandemic

Jay van Bavel 1 Aleksandra Cichocka 2 Valerio Capraro 3 Hallgeir Sjåstad 4 John Nezlek 5 Tomislav Pavlović 6 Mark Alfano 7 Michele Gelfand 8 Flavio Azevedo 9 Michèle Birtel 10 Aleksandra Cislak 5 Patricia Lockwood 11, 12 Robert Malcolm Ross 7 Koen Abts 13 Elena Agadullina 14 John Jamir Benzon Aruta 15 Sahba Nomvula Besharati 16 Alexander Bor 17 Becky Choma 18 Charles David Crabtree 19 William Cunningham 18 Koustav De 20 Waqas Ejaz 21 Christian Elbaek 17 Andrej Findor 22 Daniel Flichtentrei 23 Renata Franc 6 Biljana Gjoneska June Gruber Estrella Gualda yusaku Horiuchi Toan Luu Duc Huynh Agustin Ibanez Mostak Ahamed Imran Jacob Israelashvili Katarzyna Jasko Jaroslaw Kantorowicz Elena Kantorowicz-Reznichenko André Krouwel Michael Laakasuo Claus Lamm Caroline Leygue Ming-Jen Lin Mohammad Sabbir Mansoor Antoine Marie 17 Lewend Mayiwar Honorata Mazepus Cillian Mchugh John Paul Minda Panagiotis Mitkidis Andreas Olsson Tobias Otterbring Dominic Packer Anat Perry Michael Bang Petersen Arathy Puthillam Julián Riaño-Moreno Tobias Rothmund Hernando Santamaría-García Petra Schmid Drozdstoy Stoyanov Shruti Tewari Bojan Todosijević Manos Tsakiris Hans Tung Radu Umbreș Edmunds Vanags Madalina Vlasceanu Andrew Vonasch Meltem yucel yucheng Zhang Mohcine Abad Eli Adler Narin Akrawi Hamza Alaoui Mdarhri Hanane Amara David Amodio Benedict Antazo Matthew Apps F. Ceren Ay Mouhamadou Hady Ba Sergio Barbosa Brock Bastian Anton Berg Maria Bernal-Zárate Michael Bernstein Michał Białek Ennio Bilancini Natalia Bogatyreva Leonardo Boncinelli Jonathan Booth Sylvie Boreau 24 Ondrej Buchel C. Daryl Cameron Chrissie Carvalho Tatiana Celadin Chiara Cerami Hom Nath Chalise Xiaojun Cheng Luca Cian Kate Cockcroft Jane Conway Mateo Andres Córdoba-Delgado Chiara Crespi Marie Crouzevialle Jo Cutler Marzena Cypryańska Justyna Dabrowska Michael Daniels Victoria Davis Pamala Dayley Sylvain Delouvée 25 Ognjan Denkovski Guillaume Dezecache Nathan Dhaliwal Alelie Diato Roberto Di Paolo Marianna Drosinou Uwe Dulleck Jānis Ekmanis Arhan Ertan Tom Etienne Hapsa Hossain Farhana Fahima Farkhari Harry Farmer Ali Fenwick Kristijan Fidanovski Terry Flew Shona Fraser Raymond Boadi Frempong Jonathan Fugelsang Jessica Gale E. Begoña Garcia-Navarro Prasad Garladinne Oussama Ghajjou Theofilos Gkinopoulos Kurt Gray Siobhán Griffin Bjarki Gronfeldt Mert Gümren Ranju Lama Gurung Eran Halperin Elizabeth Harris Volo Herzon Matej Hruška Guanxiong Huang Matthias Hudecek Ozan Isler Simon Jangard Frederik Jørgensen Frank Kachanoff John Kahn Apsara Katuwal Dangol Oleksandra Keudel Lina Koppel Mika Koverola Emily Kubin Anton Kunnari yordan Kutiyski Oscar Laguna Josh Leota Eva Lermer Jonathan Levy Neil Levy Chunyun Li Elizabeth Long Chiara Longoni Marina Maglić Darragh Mccashin Alexander Metcalf Igor Mikloušić Soulaimane El Mimouni Asako Miura Juliana Molina-Paredes César Monroy-Fonseca Elena Morales-Marente David Moreau Rafał Muda Annalisa Myer Kyle Nash Tarik Nesh-Nash Jonas Nitschke Matthew Nurse yohsuke Ohtsubo Victoria Oldemburgo de Mello Cathal O’madagain Michal Onderco M. Soledad Palacios-Galvez Jussi Palomäki yafeng Pan Zsófia Papp Philip Pärnamets Mariola Paruzel-Czachura Zoran Pavlović César Payán-Gómez Silva Perander Michael Mark Pitman Rajib Prasad Joanna Pyrkosz-Pacyna Steve Rathje Ali Raza Gabriel Rêgo Kasey Rhee Claire Robertson Iván Rodríguez-Pascual Teemu Saikkonen Octavio Salvador-Ginez Waldir Sampaio Gaia Santi Natalia Santiago-Tovar David Savage Julian Scheffer Philipp Schönegger David Schultner Enid Schutte Andy Scott Madhavi Sharma Pujan Sharma Ahmed Skali David Stadelmann Clara Alexandra Stafford Dragan Stanojević Anna Stefaniak Anni Sternisko Agustin Stoica Kristina Stoyanova Brent Strickland Jukka Sundvall Jeffrey Thomas Gustav Tinghög Benno Torgler Iris Traast Raffaele Tucciarelli Michael Tyrala Nick Ungson Mete Uysal Paul van Lange Jan-Willem van Prooijen Dirk van Rooy Daniel Västfjäll Peter Verkoeijen Joana Vieira Christian von Sikorski Alexander Cameron Walker Jennifer Watermeyer Erik Wetter Ashley Whillans Robin Willardt Michael Wohl Adrian Dominik Wójcik Kaidi Wu yuki yamada Onurcan yilmaz Kumar yogeeswaran Carolin-Theresa Ziemer Rolf Zwaan Paulo Boggio 
Abstract : Changing collective behaviour and supporting non-pharmaceutical interventions is an important component in mitigating virus transmission during a pandemic. In a large international collaboration (Study 1, N = 49,968 across 67 countries), we investigated self-reported factors associated with public health behaviours (e.g., spatial distancing and stricter hygiene) and endorsed public policy interventions (e.g., closing bars and restaurants) during the early stage of the COVID-19 pandemic (April-May 2020). Respondents who reported identifying more strongly with their nation consistently reported greater engagement in public health behaviours and support for public health policies. Results were similar for representative and non-representative national samples. Study 2 (N = 42 countries) conceptually replicated the central finding using aggregate indices of national identity (obtained using the World Values Survey) and a measure of actual behaviour change during the pandemic (obtained from Google mobility reports). Higher levels of national identification prior to the pandemic predicted lower mobility during the early stage of the pandemic (r = −0.40). We discuss the potential implications of links between national identity, leadership, and public health for managing COVID-19 and future pandemics.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 3, 2022 - 4:24:16 PM
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Jay van Bavel, Aleksandra Cichocka, Valerio Capraro, Hallgeir Sjåstad, John Nezlek, et al.. National identity predicts public health support during a global pandemic. Nature Communications, Nature Publishing Group, 2022, 13 (1), pp.1-14. ⟨10.1038/s41467-021-27668-9⟩. ⟨hal-03585623⟩

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