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Evidential Segmentation of 3D PET/CT Images

Abstract : Positron Emission Tomography (PET) and Computed Tomography (CT) are two modalities widely used in medical image analysis. Accurately detecting and segmenting lymphomas from these two imaging modalities are critical tasks for cancer staging and radiotherapy planning. However, this task is still challenging due to the complexity of PET/CT images, and the computation cost to process 3D data. In this paper, a segmentation method based on belief functions is proposed to segment lymphomas in 3D PET/CT images. The architecture is composed of a feature extraction module and an evidential segmentation (ES) module. The ES module outputs not only segmentation results (binary maps indicating the presence or absence of lymphoma in each voxel) but also uncertainty maps quantifying the classification uncertainty. The whole model is optimized by minimizing Dice and uncertainty loss functions to increase segmentation accuracy. The method was evaluated on a database of 173 patients with diffuse large b-cell lymphoma. Quantitative and qualitative results show that our method outperforms the state-of-the-art methods.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03511154
Contributor : Thierry Denoeux Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 4, 2022 - 6:04:24 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 16, 2022 - 3:54:58 AM

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Ling Huang, Su Ruan, Pierre Decazes, Thierry Denoeux. Evidential Segmentation of 3D PET/CT Images. 6th International Conference on Belief Functions (BELIEF 2021), Sep 2021, Shanghai, China. pp.159-167, ⟨10.1007/978-3-030-88601-1_16⟩. ⟨hal-03511154⟩

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