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Conflits entre catégories revendiquées et catégories attribuées à des justiciables : le référentiel islamique à l’aune du raisonnement préventif

Abstract : The danger prevention logic specific to the French counterterrorism system is illustrated through the reference to the « legal standard » of the « threat to security and public order ». This prevention is characterized by the categorization of individuals and their actions in the framework of the implementation of surveillance investigations. Two cases defended by a lawyer who exercised recourses for excess of power against administrative measures taken to prevent acts « undermining public order » – and whose work was observed during an ethnographic fieldwork conducted from January 2015 to March 2018 – constitute the main material of this study. The cases analysed reflect broader debates at the societal level concerning the perception and interpretation of an Islamic normativity expressed in the discourses and practices of individuals identified as Muslims and therefore presumed to belong to this category. These defendants perceive themselves more or less explicitly as being « targeted » because of this categorization. In this context, a « practical-moral disagreement » leads to opposing interpretations of the same facts. In the arena of this confrontation, the Islamic frame of reference is a central issue and its assessment determines the outcome of the dispute. The latter can serve as a support for both defence strategies and the Ministry of Interior’s logic of preventive surveillance : what opposes these two uses is the morally implicative character of the Islamic categorization of certain practices. In a logic of preventive fight against terrorism, the direct consequence is that of exclusion and deprivation of certain fundamental rights.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03499406
Contributor : Irene Lizzola Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, December 21, 2021 - 1:30:13 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 4, 2022 - 5:46:56 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-03499406, version 1

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Irene Lizzola, Nawel Gafsia. Conflits entre catégories revendiquées et catégories attribuées à des justiciables : le référentiel islamique à l’aune du raisonnement préventif. Revue Interdisciplinaire d'Etudes Juridiques, Séminiaire interdisciplinaire d'études juridiques des facultés universitaires Saint-Louis, 2021, 87 (2), https://www.cairn.info/revue-interdisciplinaire-d-etudes-juridiques-2021-2-page-151.htm. ⟨hal-03499406⟩

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