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Radiosensitizing Fe-Au Nanocapsules (Hybridosomes®) increase survival of GL261 brain tumor-bearing mice treated by radiotherapy

Abstract : Glioblastoma remains a cancer for which the effectiveness of treatments has shown little improvement over the last decades. For this pathology, multiple therapies combining resection, chemotherapy and radiotherapy remain the norm. In this context, the use of high-Z nanoparticles such as gold or hafnium to potentiate radiotherapy is attracting more and more attention. Here, we evaluate the potentiating effect of hollow shells made of gold and iron oxide nanoparticles (hybridosomes®) on the radiotherapy of glioblastoma, using murine GL261-Luc+brain tumor model. While iron oxide seems to have no beneficial effect for radiotherapy, we observe a real effect of gold nanoparticles -despite their low amount- with a median survival increase of almost 20% compared to radiotherapy only and even 33% compared to the control group. Cellular and in vivo studies show that a molecule of interest nano-precipitated in the core of the hybridosomes® is released and internalized by the surrounding brain cells. Finally, in vivo studies show that hybridosomes® injected intra-tumorally are still present in the vicinity of the brain tumor more than 5days after injection (duration of the Stupp protocol’s radiation treatment). Interestingly, one mouse treated with radiotherapy in the presence of gold-containing hybridosomes® survived 78days. Monitoring of the tumoral growth of this long-term survivor using both MRI and bioluminescence revealed a decrease of the tumor size after treatment. These very encouraging results are a proof-of-concept that hybridosomes®, are really effective tools for combined therapies development (chemo-radiotherapy).
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03467680
Contributor : Laurent Jonchère Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, January 19, 2022 - 11:14:43 AM
Last modification on : Monday, July 4, 2022 - 4:43:13 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, April 20, 2022 - 6:24:12 PM

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Clément Goubault, Ulrich Jarry, Mégane Bostoën, Pierre-Antoine Éliat, Myrtil L Kahn, et al.. Radiosensitizing Fe-Au Nanocapsules (Hybridosomes®) increase survival of GL261 brain tumor-bearing mice treated by radiotherapy. Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine, Elsevier, 2022, 40, pp.102499. ⟨10.1016/j.nano.2021.102499⟩. ⟨hal-03467680⟩

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