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Two-photon GCaMP6f imaging of infrared neural stimulation evoked calcium signals in mouse cortical neurons in vivo

Abstract : Abstract Infrared neural stimulation is a promising tool for stimulating the brain because it can be used to excite with high spatial precision without the need of delivering or inserting any exogenous agent into the tissue. Very few studies have explored its use in the brain, as most investigations have focused on sensory or motor nerve stimulation. Using intravital calcium imaging with the genetically encoded calcium indicator GCaMP6f, here we show that the application of infrared neural stimulation induces intracellular calcium signals in Layer 2/3 neurons in mouse cortex in vivo. The number of neurons exhibiting infrared-induced calcium response as well as the amplitude of those signals are shown to be both increasing with the energy density applied. By studying as well the spatial extent of the stimulation, we show that reproducibility of the stimulation is achieved mainly in the central part of the infrared beam path. Stimulating in vivo at such a degree of precision and without any exogenous chromophores enables multiple applications, from mapping the brain’s connectome to applications in systems neuroscience and the development of new therapeutic tools for investigating the pathological brain.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03452725
Contributor : Ivo Vanzetta Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Saturday, November 27, 2021 - 12:41:39 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 1, 2022 - 3:50:04 AM

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Attila Kaszas, Gergely Szalay, Andrea Slézia, Alexandra Bojdán, Ivo Vanzetta, et al.. Two-photon GCaMP6f imaging of infrared neural stimulation evoked calcium signals in mouse cortical neurons in vivo. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2021, 11 (1), ⟨10.1038/s41598-021-89163-x⟩. ⟨hal-03452725⟩

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