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On the connection between quantum pseudorandomness and quantum hardware assumptions

Abstract : This paper, for the first time, addresses the questions related to the connections between quantum pseudorandomness and quantum hardware assumptions, specifically quantum physical unclonable functions (qPUFs). Our results show that efficient pseudorandom quantum states (PRS) are sufficient to construct the challenge set for universally unforgeable qPUFs, improving the previous existing constructions based on the Haar-random states. We also show that both the qPUFs and the quantum pseudorandom unitaries (PRUs) can be constructed from each other, providing new ways to obtain PRS from the hardware assumptions. Moreover, we provide a sufficient condition (in terms of the diamond norm) that a set of unitaries should have to be a PRU in order to construct a universally unforgeable qPUF, giving yet another novel insight into the properties of the PRUs. Later, as an application of our results, we show that the efficiency of an existing qPUF-based client–server identification protocol can be improved without losing the security requirements of the protocol.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03418733
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Submitted on : Monday, November 8, 2021 - 9:44:36 AM
Last modification on : Monday, July 18, 2022 - 10:23:28 AM

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Mina Doosti, Niraj Kumar, Elham Kashefi, Kaushik Chakraborty. On the connection between quantum pseudorandomness and quantum hardware assumptions. Quantum Sci.Technol., 2022, 7 (3), pp.035004. ⟨10.1088/2058-9565/ac66fb⟩. ⟨hal-03418733⟩

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