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Automated quantification of floating wood pieces in rivers from video monitoring: a new software tool and validation

Abstract : Abstract. Wood is an essential component of rivers and plays a significant role in ecology and morphology. It can be also considered a risk factor in rivers due to its influence on erosion and flooding. Quantifying and characterizing wood fluxes in rivers during floods would improve our understanding of the key processes but are hindered by technical challenges. Among various techniques for monitoring wood in rivers, streamside videography is a powerful approach to quantify different characteristics of wood in rivers, but past research has employed a manual approach that has many limitations. In this work, we introduce new software for the automatic detection of wood pieces in rivers. We apply different image analysis techniques such as static and dynamic masks, object tracking, and object characterization to minimize false positive and missed detections. To assess the software performance, results are compared with manual detections of wood from the same videos, which was a time-consuming process. Key parameters that affect detection are assessed, including surface reflections, lighting conditions, flow discharge, wood position relative to the camera, and the length of wood pieces. Preliminary results had a 36 % rate of false positive detection, primarily due to light reflection and water waves, but post-processing reduced this rate to 15 %. The missed detection rate was 71 % of piece numbers in the preliminary result, but post-processing reduced this error to only 6.5 % of piece numbers and 13.5 % of volume. The high precision of the software shows that it can be used to massively increase the quantity of wood flux data in rivers around the world, potentially in real time. The significant impact of post-processing indicates that it is necessary to train the software in various situations (location, time span, weather conditions) to ensure reliable results. Manual wood detections and annotations for this work took over 150 labor hours. In comparison, the presented software coupled with an appropriate post-processing step performed the same task in real time (55 h) on a standard desktop computer.
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Contributor : Hervé Piégay Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, October 13, 2021 - 10:17:08 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 30, 2022 - 11:34:16 AM

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Hossein Ghaffarian, Pierre Lemaire, Zhang Zhi, Laure Tougne, Bruce Macvicar, et al.. Automated quantification of floating wood pieces in rivers from video monitoring: a new software tool and validation. Earth Surface Dynamics, European Geosciences Union, 2021, 9 (3), pp.519-537. ⟨10.5194/esurf-9-519-2021⟩. ⟨hal-03377042⟩



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