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Time-scales of a dune-beach system and implications for shoreline modelling

Abstract : Understanding the interactions between dune systems and beaches is critical to determining the short-term shoreline response and the long-term resilience. In this study, almost 15 years of monthly beach/dune measurements were analysed for three different profiles at Vougot Beach, France to understand and predict shoreline changes from intra- to multi-annual time- scales. Four migration modes: advance/retreat (translation modes) and steepening/flattening (rotation modes) were identified through a centroid analysis. The analysis showed that translation and rotation can occur simultaneously, with long-term trends of beach retreat and profile steepening (lower beach retreating and upper beach advancing), which was interrupted by two energetic wave events causing profile flattening (lower beach advancing and upper beach retreating). These two observations are evidence of how the sediment contribution resulting from the dune erosion events temporarily caused a large advance in the shoreline position. A recent modelling approach that accounts for different time-scales is applied to predict the shoreline changes, showing significant improvements in comparison to a traditional shoreline equilibrium model when time-scales related with the dune erosion and recovery are considered. The results showed that the dune system affects the beach profile evolution both spatially, with different impacts at different elevations along the cross-shore profile, and temporally, by periodically redistributing the sediment in the system.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03367000
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 6, 2021 - 8:04:08 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 28, 2022 - 4:20:10 PM

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Jennifer Montaño, Giovanni Coco, Teddy Chataigner, Marissa L. Yates, Nicolas Le Dantec, et al.. Time-scales of a dune-beach system and implications for shoreline modelling. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, American Geophysical Union/Wiley, 2021, 126 (11), pp.e2021JF006169. ⟨10.1029/2021JF006169⟩. ⟨hal-03367000⟩

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