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Eve, you shall not get access! A cyber-physical blockchain architecture for electronic toll collection security

Ahmed Didouh 1, 2 Anthony Bahadir Lopez Yassin El Hillali 2, 1 Atika Rivenq-Menhaj 2, 1 Mohammad Abdullah Al Faruque
2 COMNUM - IEMN - COMmunications NUMériques - IEMN
IEMN-DOAE - Institut d’Électronique, de Microélectronique et de Nanotechnologie - Département Opto-Acousto-Électronique - UMR 8520
Abstract : Cooperative intelligent transportation system (C-ITS) applications are generally susceptible to position spoofing-dependent attacks such as Sybil and DDoS attacks due to a lack of established solutions. This paper presents a novel cyber-physical blockchain cryptographic architecture to help prevent position spoofing attackers from becoming validated nodes in C-ITS applications. The solution also guarantees security requirements including the non-trivial non-repudiation in light of these and other attacks. With a use case of electronic toll collection (ETC), our architecture implements techniques based on Received Signal Strength Indication (RSSI) measurements in conjunction with blockchain authentication methods such as Proof-of-Location and smart contracts to determine the legitimacy of a node. We demonstrate our solution in experiments using ITS-G5 Cohda Wireless technology (a Road Side Unit and two On-Board Units programmed with the ITS Vanetza stack) with functionalities specified by the European Telecommunications Standardization Institute (ETSI). From our experimental results from several driving-based data gathering tests, we discovered that our solution is able to cope with noise and relative velocity challenges because it incorporates both OBUs and RSUs in the Proof of Location computation steps. In light of this, the proposed architecture may also be applicable to govern V2X in general.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03360239
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 30, 2021 - 4:58:48 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 14, 2022 - 2:24:03 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, December 31, 2021 - 8:58:05 PM

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Ahmed Didouh, Anthony Bahadir Lopez, Yassin El Hillali, Atika Rivenq-Menhaj, Mohammad Abdullah Al Faruque. Eve, you shall not get access! A cyber-physical blockchain architecture for electronic toll collection security. 23rd IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems, ITSC 2020, Sep 2020, Rhodes, Greece. pp.1-7, ⟨10.1109/ITSC45102.2020.9294334⟩. ⟨hal-03360239⟩

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