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A deep neural network for multi-species fish detection using multiple acoustic cameras

Abstract : Underwater acoustic cameras are high potential devices for many applications in ecology, notably for fisheries management and monitoring. However how to extract such data into high value information without a time-consuming entire dataset reading by an operator is still a challenge. Moreover the analysis of acoustic imaging, due to its low signal-to-noise ratio, is a perfect training ground for experimenting with new approaches, especially concerning Deep Learning techniques. We present hereby a novel approach that takes advantage of both CNN (Convolutional Neural Network) and classical CV (Computer Vision) techniques, able to detect a generic class "fish" in acoustic video streams. The pipeline pre-treats the acoustic images to extract 2 features, in order to localise the signals and improve the detection performances. To ensure the performances from an ecological point of view, we propose also a two-step validation, one to validate the results of the trainings and one to test the method on a real-world scenario. The YOLOv3-based model was trained with data of fish from multiple species recorded by the two common acoustic cameras, DIDSON and ARIS, including species of high ecological interest, as Atlantic salmon or European eels. The model we developed provides satisfying results detecting almost 80% of fish and minimizing the false positive rate, however the model is much less efficient for eel detections on ARIS videos. The first CNN pipeline for fish monitoring exploiting video data from two models of acoustic cameras satisfies most of the required features. Many challenges are still present, such as the automation of fish species identification through a multiclass model. 1 However the results point a new solution for dealing with complex data, such as sonar data, which can also be reapplied in other cases where the signal-to-noise ratio is a challenge.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03350565
Contributor : Guglielmo Fernandez Garcia Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, September 22, 2021 - 11:29:20 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 25, 2021 - 11:55:07 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-03350565, version 1

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Guglielmo Fernandez Garcia, François Martignac, Marie Nevoux, Laurent Beaulaton, Thomas Corpetti. A deep neural network for multi-species fish detection using multiple acoustic cameras. 2021. ⟨hal-03350565⟩

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