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Simulation of Fluid Dynamics Monitoring Using Ultrasonic Measurements

Abstract : The simulation of the propagation of ultrasonic waves in a moving fluid will improve the efficiency of the ultrasonic flow monitoring and that of the in-service monitoring for various reactors in several industries. The most recent simulations are mostly limited to 3D representations of the insonified volume but without really considering the temporal aspect of the flow. The advent of highperformance computing (HPC) now makes it possible to propose the first 4D simulations, with the representation of the inspected medium evolving over time. This work is based on a highly accurate double simulation. A first computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation, performed in previous work, described the fluid medium resulting from the mixing of hot jets in a cold opaque fluid. There have been many sensor developments over the years in this domain, as ultrasounds are the only method able to give information in an opaque medium. The correct design of these sensors, as well as the precise and confident analysis of their measurements, will progress with the development of the modeling of wave propagation in such a medium. An important parameter to consider is the flow temperature description, as a temperature gradient in the medium deflects the wave path and may sometimes cause its division. We develop a 4D wave propagation simulation in a very realistic, temporally fluctuating medium. A high-performance simulation is proposed in this work to include an ultrasonic source within the medium and to calculate the wave propagation between a transmitter and a receiver. The analysis of the wave variations shows that this through-transmission setup can track the jet mixing time variations. The steps needed to achieve these results are described using the spectral-element-based numerical tool SPECFEM3D. It is shown that the low-frequency fluctuation of the liquid metal flow can be observed using ultrasonic measurements.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03348597
Contributor : Moysan Joseph Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Sunday, September 19, 2021 - 3:39:39 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 22, 2021 - 3:40:03 AM

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applsci-11-07065-v2.pdf
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Masaru Nagaso, J. Moysan, Christian Lhuillier, Jean-Philippe Jeannot. Simulation of Fluid Dynamics Monitoring Using Ultrasonic Measurements. Applied Sciences, MDPI, 2021, 11 (15), ⟨10.3390/app11157065⟩. ⟨hal-03348597⟩

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