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Raising and matching in Pharasiot Greek relative clauses: a diachronic reconstruction

Abstract : This article studies the structure and origin of prenominal and postnominal restrictive relative clauses in Pharasiot Greek. Though both patterns are finite and introduced by the invariant complementizer tu, they differ in two important respects. First, corpus data reveal that prenominal relatives are older than their postnominal counterparts. Second, in the present-day language only prenominal relatives involve a matching derivation, whereas postnominal ones behave like Head-raising structures. Turning to diachrony, we suggest that prenominal relatives came into being through morphological fusion of a determiner t-with an invariant complementizer u. This process entailed a reduction of functional structure in the left periphery of the relative clause, to the effect that the landing site for a raising Head was suppressed, leaving a matching derivation as the only option. Postnominal relatives are analyzed as borrowed from Standard Modern Greek. Our analysis corroborates the idea that both raising and matching derivations for relatives must be acknowledged, sometimes even within a single language.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03328119
Contributor : Lieven Danckaert Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Saturday, August 28, 2021 - 1:22:34 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 19, 2021 - 11:31:25 PM

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Metin Bağrıaçık, Lieven Danckaert. Raising and matching in Pharasiot Greek relative clauses: a diachronic reconstruction. Journal of Linguistics, Cambridge University Press (CUP), In press. ⟨hal-03328119⟩

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