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Assessment of one-way coupling methods from a potential to a viscous flow solver based on domain- and functional-decomposition for fixed submerged bodies in nonlinear waves

Abstract : To simulate the interaction of ocean waves with marine structures, coupling approaches between a potential flow model and a viscous model are investigated. The first model is a fully nonlinear potential flow (FNPF) model based on the Harmonic Polynomial Cell (HPC) method, which is highly accurate and best suited for representing long distance wave propagation. The second model is a CFD code, solving the Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations within the \openfoam toolkit, more suited to represent viscous and turbulent effects at local scale in the body vicinity. Two one-way coupling strategies are developed and compared in two dimensions, considering fully submerged and fixed structures. A domain decomposition (DD) strategy is first considered, introducing a refined mesh in the body vicinity on which the RANS equations are solved. Boundary conditions and interpolation operators from the FNPF results are developed in order to enforce values at its outer boundary. The second coupling strategy considers a decomposition of variables (functional decomposition, FD) on the local grid. As the FNPF simulation provides fields of variables satisfying the irrotational Euler equations, complementary velocity and pressure components are introduced as the difference between the total flow variables and the potential ones. Those complementary variables are solutions of modified RANS equations. Extensive comparisons are presented for nonlinear waves interacting with a horizontal cylinder of rectangular cross-section. The loads exerted on the body computed from the four simulation methods (standalone FNPF, standalone CFD, DD and FD coupling schemes) are compared with experimental data. It is shown that both coupling approaches produce an accurate representation of the loads and associated hydrodynamic coefficients (inertia and drag) over a large range of incident wave steepness and Keulegan-Carpenter number, for a small fraction of the computational time needed by the complete CFD simulation.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03327686
Contributor : Fabien Robaux Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, June 20, 2022 - 11:15:26 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, June 25, 2022 - 3:14:18 AM

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Fabien Robaux, Michel Benoit. Assessment of one-way coupling methods from a potential to a viscous flow solver based on domain- and functional-decomposition for fixed submerged bodies in nonlinear waves. European Journal of Mechanics - B/Fluids, Elsevier, 2022, 95, pp.315-334. ⟨10.1016/j.euromechflu.2022.05.011⟩. ⟨hal-03327686v2⟩

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