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Diffusion et dynamique de la culture du millet dans les Alpes ouest-européennes sur la base des concentrations en miliacine dans les sédiments lacustres

Abstract : Domestication and diffusion of cereals lead to major transformation in ancient civilizations. For broomcorn millet (Panicum miliaceum), initiatives from several research groups aim at precising the timing and pathways of its diffusion from its Asian cradle during the 6th millennium BC to Western Europe during the Bronze Age, mostly from charred seeds recovered in archaeological contexts. An alternative approach consists of detecting miliacin, a molecular biomarkers that is specific to millet in lake sediments. The first occurrence of miliacin in sediments attests to the beginning of millet cultivation in the catchment and the evolution of miliacin concentration helps unraveling the dynamics of millet cultivation and consumption. Here we provide a first regional synthesis of miliacin sedimentary records from six lakes in the European Western Alps (Ledro and Iseo; Italy, Le Bourget, La Thuile, Paladru and Aiguebelette; France). This allows us (1) providing additional milestones to the journey of millet diffusion in Europe; (3) identifying potential local differences in the dynamics of millet cultivation.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03323067
Contributor : Jérémy Jacob Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, August 20, 2021 - 11:29:25 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 20, 2021 - 3:38:21 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-03323067, version 1

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J Jacob, Anaëlle Simonneau, Manon Bajard, Erwan Messager, Yves Billaud, et al.. Diffusion et dynamique de la culture du millet dans les Alpes ouest-européennes sur la base des concentrations en miliacine dans les sédiments lacustres. Actes des 41èmes Rencontres Internationales d’Archéologie et d’Histoire – Nice Côte d’Azur., Éditions APDCA, 2021, Biodiversités, environnements et sociétés depuis la Préhistoire : nouveaux marqueurs et approches intégrées. ⟨hal-03323067⟩

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