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Coagulation biomarkers are independent predictors of increased oxygen requirements in COVID‐19

Abstract : Background : Hypercoagulability seems to contribute to SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia pathogenesis. However, age and metabolic syndrome are potential confounders when assessing the value of coagulation biomarkers’ prediction of COVID-19 outcomes. We assessed whether coagulation biomarkers, including factor VIII (FVIII) and von Willebrand factor (VWF) levels, measured at time of admission, were predictive of COVID-19 adverse outcomes irrespective of age and major comorbidities associated with metabolic syndrome. Methods : Blood was sampled at admission in 243 adult COVID-19 patients for analysis of coagulation biomarkers including FVIII and VWF on platelet-poor plasma. The association between baseline C-reactive protein (CRP), activated partial thromboplastin time ratio, prothrombin time ratio, D-dimers, fibrinogen, FVIII, VWF antigen (VWF:Ag), and FVIII/VWF:Ag ratio levels and adverse outcomes (increased oxygen requirements, thrombosis, and death at day 30) was assessed by regression analysis after adjustment on age, sex, body mass index (BMI), diabetes, and hypertension. Results : In univariable regression analysis increased CRP (subdistribution hazard ratio [SHR], 1.68; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.26-2.23), increased fibrinogen (SHR, 1.32; 95% CI, 1.04-1.68), and decreased FVIII/VWF:Ag ratio (SHR, 0.70; 95% CI, 0.52-0.96) levels at admission were significantly associated with the risk of increased oxygen requirement during follow-up. Leucocytes (SHR, 1.36; 95% CI, 1.04-1.76), platelets (SHR,1.71; 95% CI, 1.11-2.62), D-dimers (SHR, 2.48; 95% CI, 1.66-3.78), and FVIII (SHR, 1.78; 95% CI, 1.17-2.68) were associated with early onset of thrombosis after admission. After adjustment for age, sex, BMI, hypertension, and diabetes, these associations were not modified. Conclusion : Coagulation biomarkers are early and independent predictors of increased oxygen requirement in COVID-19 patients.
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Submitted on : Friday, July 16, 2021 - 9:36:45 AM
Last modification on : Monday, July 19, 2021 - 11:46:10 AM

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Antoine Rauch, Julien Labreuche, Fanny Lassalle, Julien Goutay, Morgan Caplan, et al.. Coagulation biomarkers are independent predictors of increased oxygen requirements in COVID‐19. Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis, Wiley, 2020, Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis, 18 (11), pp.2942-2953. ⟨10.1111/jth.15067⟩. ⟨hal-03287997⟩

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