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Cosmopolitans and communitarians: A typology of football fans between national and European influences

Abstract : The past 25 years have seen an unprecedented Europeanisation of the structures and governance in football across the continent. A European (and global) transfer market for players and managers has become the norm and a pan-European league system has been established that regularly exposes supporters to transnational competitions and players from all over Europe. At the same time, manifold typologies of football fans have been established, distinguishing groups of fans based on, for example, fan intensity, fan behaviour or their attitudes towards different actors in the field. The attitudes towards Europe and the self-identification of these fans within Europeanised football have not played a role in any of these typologies so far. This paper steps into that void and develops a typology of football fans in (Western) Europe that takes their attitudes towards Europeanisation as a point of departure. Based on data from an online survey among fans of first league clubs in England, France, Austria and Germany, two dimensions are identified as key categories: the intensity of fandom, and fans’ attitudes towards Europeanisation – which here manifests as a divide between the national/local belonging versus appreciating diversity and transnational spaces/developments or more succinctly, a divide between cosmopolitanism and communitarianism. Our analysis uncovers the existence of four types of fans: occasional cosmopolitans, occasional communitarians, frequent cosmopolitans and frequent communitarians.
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Contributor : Florian Koch Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, July 13, 2021 - 10:30:01 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, June 26, 2022 - 1:57:46 AM

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Regina Weber, Alexander Brand, Florian Koch, Arne Niemann. Cosmopolitans and communitarians: A typology of football fans between national and European influences. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, SAGE Publications, 2021, 57 (4), pp.532-551. ⟨10.1177/10126902211028147⟩. ⟨hal-03285153⟩



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