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Les objets nomades du voyage diplomatique en Flandres de Marguerite de Valois

Abstract : In 1577 Marguerite de Valois travelled through Flanders officially to take waters at Spa for medical reasons, indeed to fulfill a diplomatic negotiation for her brother François d’Anjou. She should provide him with the support of the Catholics hostiles to Spanish occupation in south Flanders. The Memoirs offer a long narrative of the episode, one of the longest comparing to how long it really took. Marguerite mentions several objects which play an important part during the journey: many means of transport and objects exchanged may be noticed at key-moments. They embody relationship between protagonists as well as their social and gendered identities. The tapestries embroidered with the threads sent from Turkish Empire by The Pacha as a grateful present because Don Juan d’Autriche spared the children’s life, reveal the glory of the heroe of Lepante. Marguerite shows a similar magnificence offering luxurious dress and jewelry to the Count and Countess of Lalain. Objects are mementos. They remind of historical moments as lived experience. So far they show the writing process of the Memoirs which transform lived experience into lasting memory and figure a mise en abyme. They appear as a testimony of the way of making identity through historical experience and writing process. Reciprocally, they suggest that real objects play crucial part in evoking and writing key memories. Valuable objetcs critallize past feelings and bring them back. They are rhetorical figures for ars memoriae enacting evidentia. Some of the objects of the journey through Flanders are sketched ekphraseis. One can also wonder if Marguerite can see some of the objects she mentions or if she looks at other ones which transform the original into overprint. Don Juan’s tapestry exemplifies this process, because it evokes the magnificent Valois Tapestries that Marguerite may have seen in Catherine’s place. Objects are places in which life and representation exchange their properties like in the hall of mirrors of the the Valois Court. They indicate the tension between mobility and steadiness, history and fiction. They are signs for a rich literary creation and for the powerful identity of Marguerite self-fashioned as an author and not only as a woman.
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 1, 2021 - 10:28:26 PM
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  • HAL Id : hal-03276252, version 1



Caroline Trotot. Les objets nomades du voyage diplomatique en Flandres de Marguerite de Valois. Ariane Fenneteaux, Anne-Marie Miller Blaise, Nancy Oddo. Objets nomades. Circulations matérielles, appropriations et formations des identités à l'ère de la première mondialisation, XVIe-XVIIIe siècles, Brepols, p. 252-263, 2020, 978-2-503-58707-3. ⟨hal-03276252⟩



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