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"Le roman est de l’Histoire, qui aurait pu être" : l’insurrection algérienne de 1871 dans Marie Chassaing d’Adolphe Badin, Amour et gloire de Charles Baude de Maurceley et Le maître de l’heure de Hugues Le Roux

Abstract : While Marie Chassaing (1873), Amour et gloire (1897) and Le maître de l’heure (1897) are now forgotten titles, these novels are however not devoid of interest. The three show that the 1871 revolt incited its observers in mainland France to produce, not an unequivocal national account, but rather multivoiced memories. Their authors drew inspiration from the codes of the historical novel in the vein of Walter Scott, by portraying, alongside fictional characters, the revolt’s protagonists: the bachaga Mohamed El-Mokrani in Baude de Maurceley and Le Roux, and in Badin, Jacques Chassaing, the “lion killer” popularised by Le Journal des Chasseurs. In taking recourse to the fictional genre, the three authors fashion their own different versions of the 1871 events. While Baude de Maurceley and Le Roux pay homage to the vanquished Mokrani and assign responsibility for the revolt to the Republican government, Adolphe Badin rewrites the story of Jacques Chassaing by formulating an indictment of the Second Empire and portraying the outbreak of the revolt as the final political error of this regime. In this way, the three novels indicate that the 1871 revolt was prolonged in mainland France by a historiographical and political battle. Badin, Baude de Maurceley and Le Roux share one common point: they recount French victories, which they attribute to the unity of compatriots in the hour of danger. Yet while exalting national unity, they envisage different futures for French presence in Algeria. Baude de Maurceley remains coy on this point whereas Badin and Le Roux write their works from the perspective of the colonists. The author of Marie Chassaing points to the repression of the revolt as the start of a new era: an era of genuine colonisation in which Algerian lands will stand as compensation to the country conquered by Germany and stripped of several French departments.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03270987
Contributor : Isabelle Guillaume Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, June 25, 2021 - 11:43:08 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, June 26, 2022 - 1:11:01 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-03270987, version 1

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Isabelle Guillaume. "Le roman est de l’Histoire, qui aurait pu être" : l’insurrection algérienne de 1871 dans Marie Chassaing d’Adolphe Badin, Amour et gloire de Charles Baude de Maurceley et Le maître de l’heure de Hugues Le Roux. Etudes Françaises, Presse Universitaire de Montréal, 2021, L’Insurrection kabyle de 1871. Représentations, transmissions, enjeux identitaires en Algérie et en France, 57 (1), pp.51-68. ⟨hal-03270987⟩

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