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What really matters in binge drinking: A dominance analysis of binge drinking psychological determinants among University students

Abstract :
Introduction:
Binge drinking (BD) is a public health concern, especially in young people. Multiple individual factors referring to different level of analyses-positional, inter-individual and intra-individualare associated to BD. As they have mainly been explored separately, little is known about the psychological variables most associated with BD. This study, based on an integrative model considering a large number of variables, aims to estimate these associations and possible dominance of some variables in BD.

Methods:
A sample of university students (N = 2851) participated in an internet survey-based study. They provided information on alcohol related variables (AUDIT, BD score), positional factors (sex, age), inter-individual factors (subjective norm, social identity, external motivations), and intra-individual factors (internal motivations, meta-cognitions, impulsivity and personality traits). The data were processed via a backward regression analysis including all variables and completed with a dominance analysis on variables that are significantly associated with BD intensity.

Results:
The strongest variables associated with BD intensity were enhancement motives and drinking identity (average ΔR 2 = 21.81%), followed by alcohol subjective norm and social motives (average ΔR 2 = 13.99%). Other associated variables (average ΔR 2 = 2,84%) were negative metacognition on uncontrollability, sex, coping motives, lack of premeditation, positive metacognition on cognitive self-regulation, positive urgency, lack of perseverance, age, conformity motives and loneliness.

Conclusion:
Results offer new avenues at the empirical level, by spotting particularly inter-individual psychological variables that should be more thoroughly explored, but also at the clinical level, to elaborate new prevention strategies focusing on these specific factors.
Document type :
Journal articles
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03262037
Contributor : Jessica Mange <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, June 16, 2021 - 11:57:19 AM
Last modification on : Friday, September 17, 2021 - 3:28:02 PM

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Jessica Mange, Maxime Mauduy, Cécile Sénémeaud, Virginie Bagneux, Nicolas Cabé, et al.. What really matters in binge drinking: A dominance analysis of binge drinking psychological determinants among University students. Addictive Behaviors Reports, Elsevier, 2021, 13 (art. 100346), [9 p.]. ⟨10.1016/j.abrep.2021.100346⟩. ⟨hal-03262037⟩

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