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Les établissements de hauteur défendus protohistoriques en France (XXIIe-Ier siècles av. J.-C.)

Pierre-Yves Milcent 1 Florian Couderc 1 Florie-Anne Auxerre-Géron 1 Philippe Barral 2 Célia Basset 3, 4, 5 Jérôme Bénézet Loup Bernard 6 Gertrude Blancquaert Stéphane Carrara 7, 8 Christian Chevillot Sébastien Chevrier 9, 10 Anne Colin 11 Yann Deberge 12 Bernard Dedet 13 Fabien Delrieu 14, 8 Yann Dufay-Garel 15 Antoine Dumas 11 Éric Durand 9, 13 Hervé Duval 16 Clément Féliu 9, 6 Cyril Gaillard 9 Philippe Gardes 9, 1 Pierre Giraud 17 José Gomez de Soto 16 Alexis Gorgues 11 Philippe Gruat 18, 13 Eneko Hiriart 19 Delphine Isoardi 20 Marie-Caroline Kurzaj 21, 10 David Lallemand 22, 23 Michaël Landolt 24, 6 Jean-Marie Laruaz 25 Laurence Lautier 9, 26 Thomas Le Dreff 1 Christophe Maitay 9 François Malrain 9 Laura Martinaux 26 Florence Mocci 20 Pierre Nouvel 10 Kevin Parachaud 27, 1 Julie Remy 16 Pierre Séjalon 9, 13 Frédéric Sergent 9, 1 Clément Venco 1 Florence Verdin 11 Maxime Walter 6 Frédérique Bertoncello 26 Hervé Bocquillon 9 Lizzy Chappa 28 Jean Chausserie-Laprée 29 Anne-Marie Curé 30, 13 Pierre Dutreuil Giuseppe Indino 31 Guilhem Landreau 9 Pascal Marrou 32, 20 Olivier Nillesse 9 Benoît Pace 31 Pierre Péfau 1 Christophe Saint-Pierre 18 Anouk Sarrazin 33 Marion Saurel 9, 23 Maeva Serieys 34, 13 Matthieu Soler 1 Didier Vignaud 35
19 IRAMAT-CRP2A - IRAMAT-Centre de recherche en physique appliquée à l’archéologie
IRAMAT - Institut de Recherches sur les Archéomatériaux
Abstract : A review of current knowledge is proposed based on updated data for 1330 fortified sites on high ground. These, for the most part, have been explored on too limited an area to understand their precise nature and status. Generally, they are located on spurs and cover a very small area, particularly in the Southeast. Only a quarter of them exceed 7 ha. The size of the fortifications is also an essential criteria, but it was only possible to address it from one clue – the length: the range of disparities are very wide there also; but, we note that this length doubles on average at the end of the Iron Age. The materials of the ramparts reveal trends: earth dominates in the northwest half, stone in the southeast half; wooden frames are scattered, but rarer near the Mediterranean. At the French national as well as at the regional level, the chronological curves of the occupations are very comparable and punctuated by three peaks, of increasing magnitude, at the end of the Bronze Age, the Early and the Late Iron Age. These evolutionary similarities underscore the importance of causalities on a supraregional and intercultural scale. However, there is no consensus on the interpretation of the defended sites’ development during Protohistory.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 15, 2021 - 1:23:55 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 3, 2022 - 10:30:05 AM
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Pierre-Yves Milcent, Florian Couderc, Florie-Anne Auxerre-Géron, Philippe Barral, Célia Basset, et al.. Les établissements de hauteur défendus protohistoriques en France (XXIIe-Ier siècles av. J.-C.). Fabien Delrieu; Clément Féliu; Philippe Gruat; Marie-Caroline Kurzaj; Élise Nectoux. Les espaces fortifiés à l’âge du Fer en Europe. Actes du 43e colloque international de l’Association française pour l’étude de l’âge du Fer (Le Puy-en-Velay, 30 mai-1er juin 2019), AFEAF, pp.175-194, 2021, Collection AFEAF, 978-2-9567407-2-8. ⟨hal-03260991⟩



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