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Place of a new radiological index in predicting pulp exposure before intervention for deep carious lesions

Abstract : Background During interventions for deep caries lesions without severe symptoms, preserving pulpal vitality is important to ensure treatment success, improve organ prognosis, and decrease cost-effectiveness. Current pre-operative radiographs allow visual estimation but not accurate measurement of lesion depth. Purpose Investigate the ability of ratio 'remaining/total dentin thickness' (RDT/TDT, as determined on pre-operative radiographs) to predict pulp exposure during excavation. Methods This retrospective study (January 2018-June 2020) analyzed data on 360 patients. Four independent raters examined standard pre-operative radiographs and their contrasted versions. Lines put at the dentino-enamel junction, the floor of the carious lesion, and the pulp chamber wall allowed deriving RDT/TDT. Inter-rater agreements and concordance were assessed. A logistic regression accounting for measurement errors provided odds ratios that estimated the ability of the RDT/TDT to predict pulp exposure. Results The median RDT/TDT ratio ranges were 16.8-26.5% on standard and 16.2-24.6% on contrasted radiographs. Inter-rater agreements on RDT/TDT were rather poor and inter-rater reliability was low and similar in standard and contrasted radiographs: the concordance correlation coefficients (95% CIs) were estimated at 0.46 (0.40; 0.51) and 0.46 (0.40; 0.52), respectively. The risk of pulp exposure increased by 2.5 times [odds ratio (95% CI) 2.57 (2.06; 3.20)] per 10-point decrease of the ratio on standard radiographs vs. 4.15 (3.15; 5.46) on contrasted radiographs. Conclusion RDT/TDT ratio is potentially helpful in predicting pulp exposure. However, the measurement errors on RDT and TDT being non-negligible and the interrater agreements poor, there is still place for advances through development of an automated process that will improve reliability and reproducibility of pulp exposure risk assessment.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03245178
Contributor : Laurent Jonchère <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, June 1, 2021 - 4:02:35 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 20, 2021 - 5:20:04 PM

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Marie-Agnès Gasqui, Matthieu Perard, Franck Decup, Paul Monsarrat, Yann-Loïg Turpin, et al.. Place of a new radiological index in predicting pulp exposure before intervention for deep carious lesions. Oral Radiology, Springer Verlag, 2021, ⟨10.1007/s11282-021-00530-w⟩. ⟨hal-03245178⟩

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