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Risk assessment for long and short range airborne transmission of SARS-CoV-2, indoors and outdoors, using carbon dioxide measurements

Abstract : A quantitative analysis of the viral transmission risk in public spaces allows us to identify the dominant mechanisms that a proactive public health policy can act upon to reduce risk, and to evaluate the reduction of risk that can be obtained. The contribution of public spaces to the propagation of SARS-CoV-2 can be reduced to a level necessary for a declining epidemic, i.e. an overall reproduction rate below one. Here, we revisit the quantitative assessment of indoor and outdoor transmission risk. We show that the long-range aerosol transmission is controlled by the flow rate of fresh air and by the mask filtering quality, and is quantitatively related to the CO2 concentration, regardless the room volume and the number of people. The short-range airborne transmission is investigated experimentally using dedicated dispersion experiments performed in two shopping malls. Exhaled aerosols are dispersed by turbulent draughts in a cone, leading to a concentration inversely proportional to the squared distance and to the flow velocity. We show that the average infection dose, called the viral quantum, can be determined from epidemiological data in a manner consistent with biological experimental data.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03213146
Contributor : Jacques Haiech <>
Submitted on : Friday, April 30, 2021 - 11:13:37 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 2, 2021 - 4:26:43 PM

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ShortLongRangeCovid.pdf
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  • HAL Id : hal-03213146, version 1

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Florian Poydenot, Ismael Abdourahamane, Elsa Caplain, Samuel Der, Jacques Haiech, et al.. Risk assessment for long and short range airborne transmission of SARS-CoV-2, indoors and outdoors, using carbon dioxide measurements. 2021. ⟨hal-03213146⟩

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