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Muon ${g-2}$ discrepancy within D-brane string compactifications

Abstract : Very recently, the Muon $g-2$ experiment at Fermilab has confirmed the E821 Brookhaven result, which hinted at a deviation of the muon anomalous magnetic moment from the Standard Model (SM) expectation. The combined results from Brookhaven and Fermilab show a difference with the SM prediction $\delta a_\mu = (251 \pm 59) \times 10^{-11}$ at a significance of $4.2\sigma$, strongly indicating the presence of new physics. Motivated by this new result we reexamine the contributions to the muon anomalous magnetic moment from both: (i)~the ubiquitous $U(1)$ gauge bosons of D-brane string theory constructions and (ii)~the Regge excitations of the string. We show that, for a string scale ${\cal O} ({\rm PeV})$, the contribution from anomalous $U(1)$ gauge bosons which couple to hadrons could help to reduce (though not fully eliminate) the discrepancy reported by the Muon $g-2$ Collaboration. Consistency with null results from LHC searches of new heavy vector bosons imparts the dominant constraint. We demonstrate that the contribution from Regge excitations is strongly suppressed as it was previously conjectured. We also comment on contributions from Kaluza-Klein (KK) modes, which could help resolve the $\delta a_\mu$ discrepancy. In particular, we argue that for 4-stack intersecting D-brane models, the KK excitations of the $U(1)$ boson living on the lepton brane would not couple to hadrons and therefore can evade the LHC bounds while fully bridging the $\delta a_\mu$ gap observed at Brookhaven and Fermilab.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03210371
Contributor : Inspire Hep <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 27, 2021 - 10:22:41 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 11, 2021 - 10:36:40 PM

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Luis A. Anchordoqui, Ignatios Antoniadis, Xing Huang, Dieter Lüst, Tomasz R. Taylor. Muon ${g-2}$ discrepancy within D-brane string compactifications. 2021. ⟨hal-03210371⟩

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