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Realizing topologically ordered states on a quantum processor

Abstract : The discovery of topological order has revolutionized the understanding of quantum matter in modern physics and provided the theoretical foundation for many quantum error correcting codes. Realizing topologically ordered states has proven to be extremely challenging in both condensed matter and synthetic quantum systems. Here, we prepare the ground state of the toric code Hamiltonian using an efficient quantum circuit on a superconducting quantum processor. We measure a topological entanglement entropy near the expected value of $\ln2$, and simulate anyon interferometry to extract the braiding statistics of the emergent excitations. Furthermore, we investigate key aspects of the surface code, including logical state injection and the decay of the non-local order parameter. Our results demonstrate the potential for quantum processors to provide key insights into topological quantum matter and quantum error correction.
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Preprints, Working Papers, ...
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Contributor : Inspire Hep <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 20, 2021 - 10:12:14 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 11, 2021 - 10:27:11 PM

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K.J. Satzinger, Y. Liu, A. Smith, C. Knapp, M. Newman, et al.. Realizing topologically ordered states on a quantum processor. 2021. ⟨hal-03203625⟩



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