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Determinants of outcome in Covid-19 hospitalized patients with lymphoma: A retrospective multicentric cohort study

Abstract : Background Patients with lymphoma are immunocompromised because of the disease per se and its treatments. We aimed to describe the characteristics of patients with lymphoma hospitalized for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) and to analyze pre-Covid-19 determinants of mortality. Methods This retrospective multicentric cohort study used the Programme de Médicalisation des Systèmes d'Information database to identify all adult patients with lymphoma, hospitalized for Covid-19 in March and April 2020, in 12 hospitals of three French regions with pandemic outbreaks. The characteristics of lymphoma and Covid-19 were collected from medical charts. Findings Eighty-nine patients were included. The median age was 67 years (range, 19–92), 66% were male and 72% had a comorbidity. Most patients had B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (86%) and had received a lymphoma treatment within one year (70%). With a median follow-up of 33 days from admission, 30-day overall survival was 71%, (95% confidence interval, 62–81%). In multivariable analysis, having an age ≥ 70 years (hazard ratio 2·87, 1·20–6·85, p = 0·02) and relapsed/refractory lymphoma (hazard ratio 2·54, 1·14–5·66, p = 0·02) were associated with mortality. Recent bendamustine treatment (n = 9) was also pejorative (hazard ratio 3·20, 1·33–7·72, p = 0·01), but was strongly associated with relapsed/refractory lymphoma. Remarkably, 30-day overall survival for patients < 70 years of age without relapsed/refractory lymphoma was 88% (78% - 99%). Interpretation Thirty-day mortality was associated with being older and relapsed/refractory lymphoma. Survival of patients younger than 70 years without relapsed/refractory lymphoma was comparable to that of the general population.
Keywords : Covid-19 lymphoma
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 20, 2021 - 5:34:54 PM
Last modification on : Monday, December 6, 2021 - 10:46:19 AM

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Sylvain Lamure, Rémy Duléry, Roberta Di Blasi, Adrien Chauchet, Cécile Laureana, et al.. Determinants of outcome in Covid-19 hospitalized patients with lymphoma: A retrospective multicentric cohort study. EClinicalMedicine, Elsevier, 2020, 27, pp.100549. ⟨10.1016/j.eclinm.2020.100549⟩. ⟨hal-03203358⟩

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