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Balancing selection in self-fertilizing populations

Abstract : Self-fertilization commonly occurs in hermaphroditic species, either occasionally or as the main reproductive mode. It strongly affects the genetic functioning of a population by increasing homozygozity and genetic drift and reducing the effectiveness of recombination. Balancing selection is a form of selection that maintains polymorphism, which has been extensively studied in outcrossing species. Yet, despite recent developments, the analysis of balancing selection in partially selfing species is limited to specific cases and a general treatment is still lacking. In particular, it is unclear whether selfing globally reduced the efficacy of balancing selection as in the well-known case of overdominance. I provide a unifying framework, quantify how selfing affects the maintenance of polymorphism and the efficacy of the different form of balancing selection, and show that they can be classified into two main categories: overdominance-like selection (including true overdominance, selection variable in space and time, and antagonistic selection), which is strongly affected by selfing, and negative frequency-dependent selection, which is barely affected by selfing, even at multiple loci. I also provide simple analytical results for all cases under the assumption of weak selection. This framework provides theoretical background to analyze the genomic signature of balancing selection in partially selfing species. It also sheds new light on the evolution of selfing species, including the evolution of selfing syndrome, the interaction with pathogens, and the evolutionary fate of selfing lineages.
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Contributor : Laurent Jonchère Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, April 21, 2021 - 4:39:00 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 19, 2021 - 11:47:43 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, July 22, 2021 - 7:21:22 PM


Glémin et al - 2021 - Balanci...
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Sylvain Glémin. Balancing selection in self-fertilizing populations. Evolution - International Journal of Organic Evolution, Wiley, 2021, ⟨10.1111/evo.14194⟩. ⟨hal-03192004⟩



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