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Terahertz Rotational Spectroscopy of Greenhouse Gases Using Long Interaction Path-Lengths

Abstract : Even if on-board mm-wave/THz heterodyne receivers have been developed to measure greenhouse gases (GHGs) atmospheric profiles, rotational spectroscopy rests under-exploited for their monitoring unlike IR rovibrational spectroscopy. The present study deals with the ability of THz spectroscopy using long interaction path-lengths for GHG laboratory investigations. High-resolution THz signatures of non-polar greenhouse molecules may be observed by probing very weak centrifugal distortion induced rotational transitions. To illustrate, new measurements on CH4 and CF4 have been carried out. For CH4, pure rotational transitions, recorded by cw-THz photomixing up to 2.6 THz in a White type cell adjusted to 20 m, have allowed to update the methane line list of atmospheric databases. Concerning CF4, Fabry-Perot THz absorption spectroscopy with a km effective pathlength was required to detect line intensities lower than 10−27 cm−1/(moleccm−2). Contrary to previous synchrotron-based FT-FIR measurements, the tetrahedral splitting of CF4 THz lines is fully resolved. Finally, quantitative measurements of N2O and O3 gas traces have been performed in an atmospheric simulation chamber using a submm-wave amplified multiplier chain coupled to a Chernin type multi-pass cell on a 200 m path-length. The THz monitoring of these two polar GHGs at tropospheric and stratospheric concentrations may be now considered.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03171300
Contributor : Arnaud Cuisset Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, October 27, 2021 - 5:00:25 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 25, 2021 - 8:22:30 AM

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Arnaud Cuisset, Francis Hindle, Gaël Mouret, Robin Bocquet, Jonas Bruckhuisen, et al.. Terahertz Rotational Spectroscopy of Greenhouse Gases Using Long Interaction Path-Lengths. Applied Sciences, MDPI, 2021, 11 (3), pp.1229. ⟨10.3390/app11031229⟩. ⟨hal-03171300⟩

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