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Living in a multicultural world: Intergroup ideologies and the societal context of intergroup relations

Abstract : In a relatively short time span, issues of ethnic, cultural, and religious diversity have become central topics of discussion in various nations. As a result, the role of broad ideologies that frame and structure relations between groups has received increasing attention by social psychologists. Of particular concern has been the role of these intergroup ideologies in promoting intergroup harmony and reducing prejudice. In this article, we appraise the evidence related to three main intergroup ideologies, assimilation, colourblindness, and multiculturalism. We argue that research in this area has paid insufficient attention to the social and political context. Intergroup ideologies have been studied and conceptualised as being located solely within individual minds. We suggest that the potentially vital aspect of these ideologies is that they are sometimes widely shared by members of a social group. Integrating sociological and political analyses, we discuss the fact that intergroup ideologies are institutionalised as policies and that, as such, they often vary across countries and across time. We present a series of studies to illustrate the theoretical implications of studying the shared nature of these intergroup ideologies, providing insights into the question of when and why national policies can shape individuals’ intergroup attitudes and beliefs and improve intergroup relations.
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Serge Guimond, Roxane de La Sablonnière, Armelle Nugier. Living in a multicultural world: Intergroup ideologies and the societal context of intergroup relations. European Review of Social Psychology, Informa UK (Taylor & Francis), 2014, 25 (1), pp.142-188. ⟨10.1080/10463283.2014.957578⟩. ⟨hal-03156800⟩



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