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Comparative study of response of four crop species exposed to carbon nanotube contamination in soil

Abstract : Crop plants are exposed to a variety of contaminants through sewage sludge spreading but very little is known about the impact of emerging contaminants such as nanomaterials. To date their impact on plants is still very controversial with many works claiming negative impacts while some authors suggest their use as plant growth regulator in agriculture. In this study, aiming to better understand where these discrepancies may come from, we investigated the influence of plant species (tomato, rapeseed, cucumber and maize) on plant response to a carbon nanotube contamination in soil condition. Our results demonstrate that the same CNT contamination can lead to different effects depending on plant species with positive impacts on cucumber and rapeseed (more than 50% increase in leaf biomass and surface area and 29% increase in chlorophyll for cucumber) but negative impact on maize (−14% for plant height), while tomato was insensitive. FTIR analysis of biomacromolecule composition suggested that these differences could be related with plant cell wall composition (in particular: pectins, xyloglucans and lignins). As a summary, no overall conclusion can be drawn about the toxicity of a specific nanomaterial for all plant species.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03153222
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Submitted on : Friday, February 26, 2021 - 11:11:46 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 1, 2022 - 3:57:47 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, May 27, 2021 - 6:19:52 PM

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Clarisse Liné, Fanny Manent, Adèle Wolinski, Emmanuel Flahaut, Camille Larue. Comparative study of response of four crop species exposed to carbon nanotube contamination in soil. Chemosphere, Elsevier, 2021, 274, pp.129854. ⟨10.1016/j.chemosphere.2021.129854⟩. ⟨hal-03153222⟩

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