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Deployment of a hydrogen supply chain by multi-objective/multi-period optimisation at regional and national scales

Abstract : This study focuses on the development of a methodological framework for the design of a five-echelon hydrogen supply chain (HSC) (energy source, production, storage, transportation and fuelling station) considering the geographic level of implementation. The formulation based on mixed integer linear programming involves a multi-criteria approach where three objectives have to be optimised simultaneously, i.e., cost, global warming potential and safety risk. The objective is twofold: first, to test the robustness of the method proposed in De-Leon (2014) from a regional to a national geographic scale and, secondly, to examine the consistency of the results. A new phase of data collection and demand scenarios are performed to be adapted to the French case based on the analysis of roadmaps. In this case study, the ArcGIS® spatial tool is used to locate the supply chain elements before and after optimisation. The multi-objective optimisation approach by the ɛ-constraint method is applied, analysed and discussed. Finally, a comparison between the results of different geographic scale cases is carried out.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03150361
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 23, 2021 - 5:00:17 PM
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Sofia de León Almaraz, Catherine Azzaro-Pantel, Ludovic Montastruc, Marianne Boix. Deployment of a hydrogen supply chain by multi-objective/multi-period optimisation at regional and national scales. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, Elsevier, 2015, 104, pp.11-31. ⟨10.1016/j.cherd.2015.07.005⟩. ⟨hal-03150361⟩

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