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Twin-Screw Extrusion Process to Produce Renewable Fiberboards

Abstract : A versatile twin-screw extrusion process to provide an efficient thermo-mechano-chemical pre-treatment on lignocellulosic biomass before using it as source of mechanical reinforcement in fully bio-based fiberboards was developed. Various lignocellulosic crop by-products have already been successfully pre-treated through this process, e.g., cereal straws (especially rice), coriander straw, shives from oleaginous flax straw, and bark of both amaranth and sunflower stems. The extrusion process results in a marked increase in the average fiber aspect ratio, leading to improved mechanical properties of fiberboards. The twin-screw extruder can also be fitted with a filtration module at the end of the barrel. The continuous extraction of various chemicals (e.g., free sugars, hemicelluloses, volatiles from essential oil fractions, etc.) from the lignocellulosic substrate, and the fiber refining can, therefore, be performed simultaneously. The extruder can also be used for its mixing ability: a natural binder (e.g., Organosolv lignins, protein-based oilcakes, starch, etc.) can be added to the refined fibers at the end of the screw profile. The obtained premix is ready to be molded through hot pressing, with the natural binder contributing to fiberboard cohesion. Such a combined process in a single extruder pass improves the production time, production cost, and may lead to reduction in plant production size. Because all the operations are performed in a single step, fiber morphology is better preserved, thanks to a reduced residence time of the material inside the extruder, resulting in enhanced material performances. Such one-step extrusion operation may be at the origin of a valuable industrial process intensification. Compared to commercial wood-based materials, these fully bio-based fiberboards do not emit any formaldehyde, and they could find various applications, e.g., intermediate containers, furniture, domestic flooring, shelving, general construction, etc.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03114815
Contributor : Open Archive Toulouse Archive Ouverte (oatao) <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 19, 2021 - 11:34:24 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, August 31, 2021 - 10:50:13 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, April 20, 2021 - 7:14:39 PM

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Philippe Evon, Laurent Labonne, Saif Ullah Khan, Pierre Ouagne, Pierre-Yves Pontalier, et al.. Twin-Screw Extrusion Process to Produce Renewable Fiberboards. Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE, JoVE, 2021, pp.e62072. ⟨10.3791/62072⟩. ⟨hal-03114815⟩

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